Statuette Of A Woman With Parkinson's After Richer - 1895 flag


Object description :

"Statuette Of A Woman With Parkinson's After Richer - 1895"
Rare plaster statuette of a woman with Parkinson's disease after the original mold produced by Paul Richer in 1895 and kept at the National School of Fine Arts. The statues and works of art of neuropathology are particularly rare, as well as all the statues of neurology of Paul Richer whose funds and archives are entirely preserved at the ENSBA. Height: 47 cm. "Charcot, no doubt after having admired the prowess of statuary Paul Richer, suggested that he make a statuette of a patient suffering from Parkinson's disease in order to make a sort of educational material depicting the body morphology transformed by the disease. model is Gell ..., day laborer aged 58, entered on July 12, 1892 Rayer room in bed n ° 12. Two years after a strong emotion, his right hand begins to tremble at rest, then it is the whole upper limb , finally the tremor shakes the lower right limb and therefore the whole right half body. The appearance of diffuse pains, of progressively increasing intensity, are added, reducing by as much his movements. Paul Richer and his pupil Henry Meige (1866-1940 ) give all the details of his observation in La Salpêtrière's New Iconography in 1895. Charcot died on August 16, 1893 and never saw the statuette which was not completed until 1895. It was his successor Fulgence Raymond (1844- 1910) who bé neficiera for his lessons. For Paul Richer "the nude of these patients is very interesting to study [...] in particular the special imprint that the nervous disease in question leaves on the whole body" (Richer, Note on the exterior form of the body in the disease. de Parkinson, in the weekly Reports of the Sessions and Memoirs of the Société de Biologie (meeting of December 21, 1895) 1895, X series, pages 834-837.), united attitude, elbows to the body, characteristic. It renders with astounding precision "general emaciation and skin folds". The thinness of the skin allows the entire subcutaneous venous network to appear distinctly. The hypogastric eventration secondary to the eleven maternities carried out by the patient is not in doubt. The simultaneous contraction of all the muscles draws down to the smallest bundle: “on the forearm, the long supinator forms a characteristic projection. In order to obtain this simple degree of flexion of the elbow, never do we see, in the normal state, the long supinator enter into contraction. The cord he forms here almost acquires the importance of a pathognomonic sign ”. Paul Richer, who at the same time published his "Artistic Physiology of Man in Motion", is committed to rendering each muscle in its function and its state of hypertonia, "with glaring truth". He concludes his long development thus: “the morphological examination which we have just delivered seems to us to confirm the opinion which was expressed for the first time by Vulpian, and which attributes the stiffness in Parkinson's disease to a slight degree of contracture, contrary to certain recent tendencies which would make it the consequence of a special myopathic state ”, invalidating,“ by the clay ”, the hypothesis supported in particular in his thesis by Béchet. All the physical signs of the disease, the inexorable decrepitude of old age added, are captured with a precision unmatched by any other pictorial representation. "(Olivier Walusinski, Paul Richer, a neurologist Professor at the National School of Fine Arts, forthcoming).
Price : 1800 €
Artist : Richer
Period:19th century
Style:Other Style
Condition : Très bon état

Material : Plâtre

Reference : 799169
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Instruments scientifiques et médicaux anciens
Statuette Of A Woman With Parkinson's After Richer - 1895
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