Bagard Wood Box With Marquis Crown - 17th Century flag

Object description :

"Bagard Wood Box With Marquis Crown - 17th Century"
Wedding box in Saint Lucia wood, also known as Bagard wood, named after the artist from Lorraine. Nancy, 17th century circa 1680 - 1700, Louis XIV period. It takes the form of a tomb with a domed lid and is very finely carved with a floral decoration and interlacing. In the center on the cover a CM monogram surmounted by a ducal crown. This type of box was made and offered on the occasion of weddings, here for a Marquis. Made of so-called Saint Lucia wood, this rare box illustrates the virtuosity achieved by certain Nancy artists specializing in woodcarving and who made crucifixes, but also boxes of different shapes, frames, candlesticks and all kinds of objects. The wood used has a tight grain and a reddish color; it is a variety of wild cherry from the forest of Sampigny-en-Barrois, now destroyed and which depended on a convent which gave its name to the wood. The term Bagard wood is also associated with this production, in reference to César Bagard (1620-1709), sculptor at the court of Duke Charles IV of Lorraine who executed large church statues. If César Bagard, then his son Toussaint, were the leaders of this Nancy school, today it seems incorrect or abusive to systematically attribute to them the authorship of all the objects made in this wood. Thus, in a document dated 1751, the Benedictine monk Dom Calmet, Abbot of Senones, notes that “many small objects are made of wood from Saint Lucia in Lorraine and are exported abroad. This work occupies many workers. The Foulons were renowned for this work and produced many objects for the Dauphin. ” (H. Demoriane, Bois de Bagard, in Connaissance des Arts, January 1968, p. 91). Undoubtedly, many other workshops in Nancy specialized in crucifixes and other objects in cherry wood: Charles Chassel, Claude des Indes, Jean-François Lupot, François Manruisse and Jean-Baptiste Vallier, active in Nancy at the end of the 17th century and in the early eighteenth century are all mentioned as woodcarvers of Saint Lucia. Some were very specialized, such as Lupot, who devoted himself to decorating musical instruments, but the Foulons' workshop seems to have been the largest and most active. It is also possible that César Bagard himself executed the most beautiful crucifixes with which his name is associated. The development of the manufacture of carved wooden objects in Nancy corresponds to the time of the sumptuary edicts of 1689-1709 decided by Louis XIV to finance his military campaigns. It was necessary to replace all devotional objects or toiletries, such as crucifixes, mirrors and various boxes which, henceforth, could no longer be in gold or silver. The tabletiers of Nancy exploited the situation to their advantage to manufacture various articles in wood from Saint Lucia by taking up the decorative repertoire of goldsmiths. Less precious than ivory, less fragile than lacquer, Saint Lucia wood lends itself particularly well to delicate carving, as evidenced by the delicacy of our box. The sculptors of Nancy transposed the engraved designs of French artists such as Etienne Loir and Jean Le Pautre into wood. The same baroque motifs are found on all these objects: acanthus leaves, flowery scrolls, birds and grotesque masks. These often personalized objects were made to order for personal use or to offer them to a distinguished guest or even on the occasion of a wedding. Very good general condition, some rare traces of xylophages. small trace of burn on a corner of the base. Provenance, large Lorraine collection, bought in 1900 then by descent, this box has never left the Nancy region for nearly 350 years until today. Length: 21.5cm Width: 15cm Height: 7cm
Price: 1300 €
Period: 17th century
Style: Louis 14th, Regency
Condition: Tres bon état

Material: Bois sculpté
Length: 21,5cm
Width: 15cm
Height: 7cm

Reference: 787109
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Bagard Wood Box With Marquis Crown - 17th Century

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