Zulfiqar Sword flag


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Object description :

"Zulfiqar Sword"
From a private collection. AZulfaqar(Arabic:ذُو ٱلْفَقَار‎,romanized:Ḏū-l-Faqār, also spelledZu al-Faqar,Zulfiqar,Dhu al-Faqar,DhulfaqarorDhulfiqar, is the sword ofAli ibn Abi Talib. Ali was the fourth and last caliph of the Rightly Guided Caliphs (akathe Rashidun) and a son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammed. Shia Islam refers to the Muslims who believe that the leadership of the community after Muhammad belongs to Ali and his successors.
The Persian polymathTarikh al-Tabaristates that the exclamationlā sayfa ʾillā Ḏū l-Faqāri wa-lā fatā ʾillā ʿAlīyunis attributed to Muhammad, who is said to have uttered it in theBattle of Uhudin praise of Ali's exploit of splitting the shield and helmet of the strongest Meccan warrior, shattering his own sword in the same stroke. Muhammad is said to then have given his own sword Dhu-l-Fiqar to Ali to replace the broken sword.
The Zulfiqar is a ceremonial sword and was historically frequently depicted as a scissor-like double bladed sword on Muslim flags, and it is commonly shown inShiadepictions of Ali and in the form of jewelry functioning astalismansas ascimitarterminating in two points.
Our example is an Indian variant of the Zulfiqar and thus showcases an interesting blending of Islamic tradition and Indian design. India still has the largest (Shia) Muslim community outside Iran. Most documented Indian zulfiqar have a Khanda basket hilt making tulwar hilted examples somewhat rarer. The blade is of typical design with three fillers and a serrated edge and yelman (back edge). The hilt is of North Indian design with traces of silver koftgari work and the knuckle guard being split similar to the blade.
Condition is very good with some gentle cleaning. The blade has been reattached to the hilt. Belgian private collection.
Similar examples
  • Tirri, 2003,p. 331, fig. 252
  • Mortal beauty, Arms and Armour of India and China, E. Karlova, A. Pastukhov, A. Popov, E. Uspenskaya, 2015, p. 230
  • Examples in museums
  • Mumtaz Mahal Museum, Red Fort, Delhi
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, former Prince of Wales Museum of Western India
  • Chowmahalla Palace, Haiderabad
  • Akkalkot Museum, Maharashtra
  • Government Museum Bangalore
  • Price : 2000 €
    Period:19th century
    Style:Orientalism
    Condition : Très bon état

    Material : Acier
    Length: 75,5cm

    Reference : 783864
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    "Swords And Blades, Orientalism"

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