The five sacred mountains, the summits of the East, South, Center, West and North - Tai Shan, Nan Yo, Sung Shan, Hua Shan, and Heng Shan - were revered in ancient China (they are still today) and associated with the five elements wood, fire, earth, metal.
This is the reason why they have from the Han dynasty inspired brush rests in the shape of 5 bronze peaks. During the Ming Dynasty, jade prevailed for this form of brush rests and afterwards, during the Qing Dynasty, this shape was reused for porcelain brush rests for the scholars' desks as useful and precious items for calligraphy activities. and painting. Later they were highly sought after by Westerners in the 19th and early 20th centuries and that is why most of them were found in European collections.