"Bethsabée Au Bain, Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari (rome 1654 - 1727) And Workshop"Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari (Rome 1654–1727) and workshop
Bathsheba with her handmaids, and King David looking out the window in the background
Provenance: Roman school, early 18th century
Painting technique: oil on board
Canvas dimensions: 40 x 32 cm.
Dimensions with frame of the time: 56 x 48 cm.
Full details https://www.antichitacastelbarco.it/it/prodotto/betsabea-al-bagno
We dedicate this excellent painting, which we have just had the privilege of discovering, to connoisseurs of early 18th century Roman painting. It is a typical painting from the workshop of Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari (Rome 1654–1727), depicting the biblical episode of Bathsheba in the bathroom which, surrounded by her maidservants, is surprised and admired by King David, looking out the window of his palace.
As narrated in the Second Book of Samuel, Bathsheba is the young and charming girl with whom King David fell in love, despite knowing that she was already married to Amniel, one of his most valiant soldiers; she is caught in the act of combing her hair, half-naked and covered only by a clear cloth, which emphasizes the beauty of the candid complexion. The woman is flanked by two handmaids who assist her by offering her a mirror, in which she can be seen reflected, and clothes to dry herself. The scene is set inside the garden of the sumptuous royal palace, from a terrace of which King David observes admired the beautiful Bathsheba, making her first his lover, and then marrying her.
The work, of particular beauty and pictorial quality, is a typical composition of the Roman master Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari, who preferred this biblical subject by painting it several times: the canvas shows a measured balance and a majestic classicism, but at the same time it also shows the influence of the rococo style in the details, with French style influences.
The influences absorbed by Carlo Maratti, of which he was a pupil in Rome, are evident; in 1713 at the death of the master, he became his official heir, both in terms of correspondence in the pictorial ways, and for the success among the great Roman collectors. Already highly appreciated around the end of the seventeenth century, the fame of Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari reached its peak at the beginning of the eighteenth century, establishing itself as a painter of the most influential Roman families. We can mention the prestigious commissions he obtained from the Barberini (two ceiling frescoes depicting the Chariot of the Sun and The Birth of Pindar in their palace) and from the Colonna (a ceiling with the apotheosis of Marcantonio II Colonna).
It is possible to compare this painting with Bathsheba in the bathroom, preserved in New York at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (see details), with Giuditta with the trof of Holofernes, signed and dated 1712 of the Museum of Rome, or with the Adoration of the Magi in the Gemäldegalerie of Dresden (signed and dated 1714) and the Rest of the Holy Family during the flight to Egypt at Greenville (Bob Jones University Art Gallery and Museum)
Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari (Rome, 10 March 1654 - Rome, 8 September 1727) was an Italian painter.
A favorite pupil of Carlo Maratta, he was one of the most characteristic artists of early 18th century Rome. In the third decade of the century his prestige led him to assume the position of prince of the Academy of San Luca. He worked at Palazzo Barberini (it was Giovan Pietro Bellori who suggested that he draw inspiration from Guido Reni's famous Aurora in the Pallavicini casino), Palazzo Colonna, San Silvestro in Capite, Palazzo Spada.
Chiari reached the peak of fame during the pontificate of Clement XI (1700 - 1721): in those years he was flanked by the master Carlo Maratta in the preparation of the cartoons for the mosaics of the side aisles of the Basilica of San Pietro, the oval was commissioned with the prophet Abdia for S. Giovanni in Laterano and he was commissioned to paint the Glory of San Clemente for the homonymous basilica.
Excellent storage conditions.
Elegant gilded wooden frame of the time.
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