"Philips Wouwerman (1619-1668) - Battle Scene"Philips Wouwerman (Haarlem 1619 - 1668) oil on panel depicting a battle scene, 17th century Dimensions: 63x27 cm Expertise of Professor Giancarlo Sestieri Can be considered an unsurpassed master of equestrian painting. During his life, he was much appreciated by collectors and contemporary painters, for the incisive naturalism with which he was able to represent parked and moving horses, and for the faithful rendering of their knights, with their elegant attires. But Philips started out as a landscape painter, as a student of Jan Wynants, for whom he painted horses. He was then probably a student of fFrans Hals and Pieter Cornelis Verbeek. In the style of the latter are his first autonomous works, Landscapes of the surroundings of Haarlem, with some knights. His decisive maturation took place under the influence of Van Laer, whose techniques he learned to refine and enrich his figurative sample and to refine the taste for exposure of his compositions, in which the epicenter is generally made up of a white or gray horse, emerging in the foreground. His great success is also attested by the number and the value of his direct disciples, as well as of his imitators. His direct pupils were his brother Pieter and Emanuel Murant.