"Ettore Roesler Franz- (1845-1907) - Claude Lorrain's House In Rome - Original Watercolor"Son of Luigi and Teresa Biondi, his family, a Sudeten German, had transplanted to Rome at the beginning of the 18th century and is mentioned in certain sonnets by Giuseppe Gioachino Belli. Ettore Roesler Franz started his artistic activity at the age of 18, after being a pupil of the Brothers of the Christian Schools of Trinità dei Monti, he attended the Academy of San Luca with his friend brother Ettore Ferrari, then deputy and great master of Italian Freemasonry and known for the monument to Giordano Bruno in Piazza Campo de 'Fiori in Rome. From an early age, Ettore had an excellent connection with Anglo-Saxon environments, with which he shared both the passion for walking between the Roman ruins and the Via Appia Antica, and professional interests, being employed from 1864 to 1872 at the English consulate where he knew the consul Joseph Severn, valid watercolorist and brotherly friend of John Keats. In these years, Ettore Roesler Franz perfected the watercolor technique because he considered it the best way to reproduce the rural views and the transparency of the sky and the waters. In 1875, with Nazzareno Cipriani, he wrote the project of the Association of Roman watercolorists, to which Cesare Biseo, Vincenzo Cabianca, Onorato Carlandi, Pio Joris, Cesare Maccari, Attilio Simonetti, Gustavo Simoni and the Spanish Ramon Tusquetz joined. founders. In 1876, the partners organized their first collective exhibition. Of all the works created, the one which has won him the most glory is the Sparita Rome , to put it: "Picturesque Rome. Memories of a passing era ”. It consists of 120 watercolors (approximately 53 × 75 cm, horizontal or vertical), divided into three series of 40 and produced between 1878 and 1896. They represent effective visual evidence that precedes the historic changes in the urban structure of Rome, thanks to which it is now possible to have historical documentation of the disappearing overviews.  Ettore Roesler Franz was, among others, among the first painters to paint the Ghetto of Rome and his watercolors are reproduced in today's publications of the Jewish community in Rome, in testimony to his links. In addition to the views of Rome, the main subjects represented by Ettore Roesler Franz are the Via Appia, the aqueducts, Tivoli, Villa d'Este and its surroundings, the marshes and the countryside. Via dell'Arco di S. Marco In parallel with Roman activity, the artist is constantly on the move across Europe, as evidenced by the 23 exhibitions abroad (Paris, London, Saint Petersburg, Berlin, Dresden, Stuttgart, Munich, Vienna, Belgium and Holland) and the 46 in Italy (Milan, Turin, Rome, Florence, Trieste, Venice and Rome). In 1879, on the death of Severn, Ettore and his brother Alessandro - who in the meantime became consul of England in Rome - contributed, with other English intellectuals, to the erection of the sepulchral stele in the non-Catholic cemetery of Rome at the Pyramid. Nineteen of his works from this period were purchased by "excellent" customers: Empress Maria Fedorovna of Denmark, widow of Russian Tsar Alexander III, and her son Grand Duke George; Vittorio Emanuele II, Umberto I and Vittorio Emanuele III of Savoy; also Queen Margherita and the Grand Duke of Hesse. Among his greatest admirers, Ettore Roesler Franz also has the German historian and honorary citizen of Rome Ferdinand Gregorovius.  Six watercolors were purchased by the then Minister of Finance and statesman Quintino Sella (1827-1884). Another important acquaintance is that of Giacomo Balla, who marks his international debut with an oil portrait of Ettore in 1902 at the Villa d'Este, with whom he was admitted to the Venice Biennale in 1903. De Balla , Franz learned a lot in the art of watercolor, including the technique of light and dark. Ettore Roesler Franz died at his home in Piazza S. Claudio at the age of 62 and was buried in the Verano cemetery in Rome. He had great descendants, both German and Italian, including Matteo Roesler Franz, famous Roman architect. Ettore Roesler Franz's work Ettore Roesler Franz's paintings are a rare color testament to the change in society at the end of the 19th century, making us today the image of Rome before the new urban structure of the city. . Roesler Franz watercolors in museums and private collections In addition to the Roma Sparita collection, two other watercolors by Ettore Roesler Franz are the property of the Municipality of Rome and kept in the Museum of Rome at Palazzo Braschi.