"Empress And Emperor Dolls Japan Circa 1920-40 Ningyō Hina Matsuri"Couple of dolls Japan Period early Showa period (1920-40) Intended for Hina Matsuri - "Girls Day" Fabric, paper, laces, white lacquered wood "gofun", silk (hair). Wooden bases with domed paper decor. Dimensions excluding base Empress Height 25 - width 26.5 - depth 21.5 cm / Emperor: height 27.5 - width 25.5 - depth 18 cm. Bases: width 32.5 cm - height 5.5 cm - depth 16.5 cm Heights with bases: Empress 30 - Emperor 32.5 cm. Condition: Empress: lack of fabric in the back; wrinkles on two side white bands - Some crazy hair in the hairstyle. Emperor: worn hands - Strip of paper in the damaged back - a very small crack to the right of the nose. Bases: small gaps in the domed paper. The figurines had to wear accessories that are missing.
SEE in the last photo, similar dolls of the MUSEE de la POUPEE, Jossellin (56) cillection Rohan-Chabot.
The term doll in Japan is "ningyō", "human form" Japan had a particular relation to dolls: Until the beginning of the Meiji era it was traditional to offer at the birth of a daughter, a doll , which had the function of protecting the child, absorbing misfortunes. The dolls participated in ritual and religious ceremonies, imbued with the sins of the people who touched them. For this set, the word "hina" is used. These are Girls Day dolls (hina matsuri). This set was intended for the festival of the "day of the girls" (March 3), which exists since the end of the XVIeme century, also known under the name of "festival of the peach", the flowering of the peaches being representative of the feminine qualities of grace and kindness. The little Japanese girls exhibit precious dolls placed on small five-level platforms covered with a red felt carpet. These special dolls, which are sometimes passed on from generation to generation, are stored for the rest of the year. They represent characters from the imperial court of the Heian era (794-1185). The complete set includes 15 characters: the imperial couple; three ladies-in-waiting with the sake service; five musicians; two armed servants, one young and one old, the ministers; the lackeys, a happy, a sad and an angry, under the effect of sake.