"Copenhagen Royal Factory Porcelain Vase"Soliflore vase, porcelain from the Royal Manufactory in Copenhagen (Denmark), 1950s.
Flat ovoid shape with two handles. Decorated with leaves and berries covered in blue, green and purple enamel.
Signed with enamel under the base: Royal Copenhagen factory stamp; mark with three waves. Referenced 1091/227. Numbered 172.
Height: 17.2 cm. Width: 14.5 cm. Depth: 7 cm. Neck diameter: 6.4 cm. Foot dimensions: 9 x 5.2 cm.
The Royal Copenhagen factory (Denmark) was founded in 1775 by the chemist Frantz Heinrich Müller, under the protection of Queen Juliane Marie of Denmark. Like all the porcelain workshops of Europe sponsored by the monarchy in the 18th century (like the manufactures of Meissen, Sèvres, or Wedgewood), Royal Copenhagen products were mainly intended to compete with Chinese artisanal imports, skillfully designed, and very much in vogue within the European aristocracy of the time. When Müller discovered a Danish source of kaolin, the essential ingredient for making refined hard paste porcelain, the queen seized the opportunity to contribute to the local economy of her kingdom and at the same time, its international status. She then rewarded Müller for a 50-year monopoly on porcelain production in Denmark.
The signature of Royal Copenhagen, a cobalt blue floral motif on a white background was designed under the direction of Müller to imitate the blue chrysanthemum found on Chinese imports as well as on Meissen porcelain (the first porcelain actually produced in Europe). Over time, the various heirs of Danish sovereignty succeeded one another at the helm of Royal Copenhagen. Alumnia, an earthenware company, eventually acquired the company in 1882. At the end of the 20th century, it recruited Danish artists such as Georg Jensen, Holmegaard Glassworks, and Bing & Grøndahl. The factory is now a subsidiary of Fiskars. The company's marking pads have also changed over the years, but have always included three elements: three waves that symbolize Øresund, the Great Belt and the Little Belt, Denmark's waterways. But also, the emblem of the crown, the traditional royal patronage and the signature of the artist.
In almost 250 years, the Royal Copenhagen manufacture has produced more than 1,500 different types of patterns on high-end porcelain and on earthenware cups, decanters, bowls, plates, tea sets, etc. The company mainly hires highly qualified craftsmen, who have collaborated since the 20th century with talented designers. Many pieces produced by Royal Copenhagen are now emblematic, such as the Flora Danica service (1790-1803), decorated with polychrome plants and flowers inspired by the botanical encyclopedia of the same name, originally written for Catherina II of Russia. , or the Blue Linec modernist tableware collection designed by designer architect Grethe Meyer in 1965.