"Pair Of Satsuma Vases With Polychrome And Gold Enamel Decoration, Japan, Meiji Era"Charming pair of gourd vases decorated with birds, flowers and a rotating landscape.
Fine earthenware, polychrome and gold enamel decoration.
Japan, Meiji era (1868-1912).
Drilled at the bottom.
H: 36 cm.
Satsuma earthenware appeared in the 16th century in Japan on the territory of Satsuma. This type of ceramic is characterized by a great diversity of forms of objects which evolves according to the eras and the ovens used. There are two types of Satsuma: Satsumas with a white background and those with a black background, more widely used for the tea ceremony or to store certain liquids, such as alcohol. The potters of Satsuma developed around 1800 a technique of polychrome enamels of orange-red color and quickly integrated gold highlights, which lead to the most famous production of Satsuma, the "Brocade of gold" technique, which has been be largely produced for export during the Meiji period (1868-1912).
The decorative repertoire of these pieces is both inspired by the Kano school of painting in the representation of plants, animals and the human figure, and by fairly abstract geometric patterns. The composition of the pieces is often very dense, leaving little free space and playing on the accumulation of polychrome enamels and golden highlights to bring a certain character of richness to the artwork.
Japanese pieces were exhibited for the first time in scale in the West during the Universal Exhibition in 1867. In the 1878, the success of Satsuma ceramics was evident as they were in very high demand. Satsuma ceramics are still produced today, respecting the tradition and quality that have made Satsuma one of the major references of Japanese ceramics.