"Great Officer's Clutch Of Spahis General Or Governor Of Algeria, Second Empire"GREAT HELMET OF GENERAL OFFICER OF SPAHIS OR GOVERNOR OF ALGERIA, MONARCHY OF JULY - SECOND EMPIRE. Entirely in black patent leather, buckles and gilt bronze fittings, natural seams. Composite net: Headrest on its upper part decorated with a gilt bronze floret, on each side a double row consisting of a series of eight shells with gilded bronze palm leaves. Underbust trimmed on each post with a rectangular buckle (H 7 cm, width 3.7 cm) with twisted molding trimmed with scallops in the four corners and lined at the top and bottom of the leaves. acanthus and in the upper part of a crescent, a gilt bronze passer (H 3.5 cm, width 3.7 cm) taking the decorations of the loop and two florets (diameter 3 cm) also in gilded bronze . Frontal garnished with three gilded bronze fleurons 4.7 cm in diameter and two florets 4 cm in diameter. It is connected to the headrest by three leather belts forming a triangle, meeting under a gilt bronze fleuron of 4.7 cm in diameter. Headband decorated with a floret 4.7 cm in diameter, two florets 4 cm in diameter and two loops and two loops with crescent decoration as the throat. Cruise (connecting the headrest to the noseband) trimmed with five florets 2.8 cm in diameter. Netting trimmed as the underbust of two loops and two gilt bronze loops with crescent decoration. Model 1818 flange jaws of the so-called "pigeon throat" shape. The guns will be almost straight, from the bottom of the pins to the heels, to make a more just support on the bars. In its upper part, the branch forms a banquet with rectangular opening "banquet eye", just below is drilled a hole to place the "S" and the hook. The lower end, or the bottom of the branch is shaped "S" model said "Condé", ends with an opening for receiving gilt bronze rings. Gourmette in golden brass. Round bosses in gilded bronze (diameter 4.1 cm) molded in relief of a five-pointed star surmounting a crescent on a sandy bottom surrounded by a crown of pearls surrounded by a laurel wreath. The branches of the jaw and the uprights are made of steel covered with engraved and gilded bronze plaques representing twisted moldings and suites of acanthus leaves. Reins in their original length are lined with four cabochons 2.8 cm in diameter; they come attached to the jaws by two loops and loops decorated with the crescent as the models of the throat. Net of great holding in gold trimmings, consisting of a headpiece, a frontal, a noseband and reins, trimmed with four gilded bronze buckles with crescent decoration, on the model of the buckles described at the level of the under throat, with broken jaws in steel with its gilded bronze ends decorated in relief of palmettes with gilded bronze rings. Each rein is embellished with a golden silver trimmings pompom with large twisted fringes called "spinach seeds". Very good condition, some wear and cracks leather, bronze parts have kept all their original gilding. The state of conservation remains exceptional for a piece of harnessing of this time. Missing crescent throat and reins do not have their whip. La France. Monarchy of July - Second Empire. THE GENERAL GOVERNORS OF ALGERIA: On July 22, 1834, the King of the French, Louis-Philippe I, creates a "governor general" responsible for both the "general command" and the "high administration" of the new "French possessions in the north" of Africa "or" old regency of Algiers "; he exercises his powers "under the orders and direction" of the "Minister of State for War" and is assisted, for this purpose, by a "civil steward" and a "director of finance" as well as an advisory council comprising, in addition to the above-mentioned officials, the general officer in command of the troops, the general officer in command of the navy, the military intendant and the attorney general. The first governors will all be military commanders from 1830 to 1833 (Bourbon, Clauzel, Berthezène, Savary, Voirol). From 1834 they were governors general, among them Drouet d'Erlon, Valée, Bugeaud, Lamoriciere, the Duke d'Aumale, Hautpoul, Pelissier, Randon, MacMahon.