"Ariane And Dionysus On The Island Of Naxos, Large Oil On Canvas Of XVII Eme"Large oil on canvas of the seventeenth century: Ariadne seduced by Dionysus on the island of Naxos.
Very beautiful pyramidal composition of the scene with many characters, colors and superb details: faces, drapés, positions all is remarkable in this table of a very high quality.
we attend the scene in myhtology, where Ariane forgotten on the island of Naxos by Theseus after having helped him to defeat the Minautore and to leave the labyrinth thanks to the famous Ariane thread is seduced by the god Dionysus.
the composition is beautiful, the details and the colors are superb.
a canvas of great quality. no restoration to report, sober gilt wood frame. work of the seventeenth century probably Italian.
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Ariane, mortal princess Ariane is evoked incidentally in the Iliad where she receives the epithet of καλλιπλόκαμος, with beautiful curls2, and where she is presented not as a goddess, but as a mortal princess. Seduced by Theseus, she helps him escape from the Labyrinth. It is indeed the help she brings to Theseus that allows the latter to obtain the victory over the Minotaur: against the promise to marry her, she provides him with a thread that he reels behind him to find his path. But after killing the Minotaur, the hero abandons him on the island of Naxos - according to the most common tradition - or on the island of Dia, according to Homer3. From there, the versions diverge so much with regard to the cause of Theseus's conduct as to the subsequent fate of Ariane. In one version, she finally leaves the island to follow the god Dionysus, who takes him to Lemnos. She has several children with him, including Ceramos, Thoas, Oenopion, Eurymedon, Phlias, Preparathos and Staphylos. According to other traditions, she is dying of sorrow. According to Homer, she was killed in Naxos by an arrow of Artemis, on the orders of Dionysos jealous, without having children from him. The Homeric version was taken up by Jean Racine in these famous verses: Ariane, my sister, what hurtful love You died at the edges where you were left! - Jean Racine, Phèdre, act I, scene 3 According to Henri Jeanmaire, by making her succumb under the features of Artemis, Dionysus did not take away only his rival, he reserved it. Jeanmaire also highlights the affinity of Ariane with Persephone removed by Hades4. Bacchus discovering Ariane at Naxos by the Le Nain brothers, circa 1635, Orléans Museum of Fine Arts. Another version presents the abandonment of Ariane as an accident: facing a storm that threatens their boat, Theseus is forced to raise the anchor without Ariane. This forced abandonment would be the cause of the forgetfulness of Theseus to change the sails of the ship (they should have been replaced by white sails if the hero had triumphed). Indeed, a fog comes around the boat and disturb the memory of Theseus, punishment sent by the gods to punish his betrayal. Aegeus, the father of the hero, watches for the return of the ship. Seeing the black sails, sign of mourning and failure against the Minotaur, he throws himself into the sea that now bears his name. It is therefore in a mourning hero, despite his victory against the monster, that Theseus returns to his kingdom. A third version of older mythographers still claims that Theseus and Ariane have found refuge on the island of Dia after a storm. Athena would have appeared to Theseus to inform her that Ariane is promised to Dionysus and that consequently he must give up on her. It is the torn heart that Theseus must leave Ariane and he forgets to change the sails of his ship. Moreover, Aphrodite would have appeared to Ariadne to comfort her by announcing the news of her close marriage and crowning her with a gold crown5, which eventually the gods will change into a constellation6 to please Dionysus. The historian Péon d'Amathonte, quoted by Plutarch7, relates that, following a storm, Theseus was immobilized on the coast of Cyprus and had to send Ariane down, inconvenienced by the sea because she was pregnant, but on boarding the ship to watch over his safety, he is carried off to the open sea. The women of the country would have gathered Ariane, tried to soften her sorrow by giving him false letters from Theseus, and would have given her the last homework. when she died without being able to give birth. Theseus would have arrived during the funeral and would have left a sum of money to institute an annual sacrifice to Ariane, as well as two statues, one of silver, the other of brass.