"Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743) - Portrait Of Wenzel Von Sinzendorf"Hyacinthe RIGAUD (1659, Perpignan - 1743, Paris) Portrait of Wenzel von Sinzendorf, Austrian Ambassador to Versailles Oil on canvas (original) 73 x 63 cm 1700 or 1701 Provenance: - Stockholm, 1918, Hoving and Winborg sale 23/26 September, No. 55, as Largillière - Paris, 1946, art trade - Collection E. Heijne - Stockholm, 1994, sale Bukowski November 30, No. 322, as entourage Largillière - London, 1995, Christie's sale of July 6th, N ° 525, as follower of Rigaud Bibliography: Ariane James-Sarazin, Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743), Dijon, editions Faton, 2016, T. II: The catalog raisonné, n ° P.747, p. 249 After successive courses in Carcassonne and especially Montpellier and Lyon, Rigaud arrived in Paris in 1681 and won the Prix de Rome in 1682. On the advice of Charles Le Brun, rather than make the traditional trip to Italy, he devotes himself exclusively to portraiture, a genre which he will raise to his highest expression and which will bring him fame and fortune. It is noted the King and Court with the portrait of Monsieur, in 1688 and by that of Louis XIV, in armor, delivered in 1694. But it is especially the portrait in coronation costume, dated 1701, which ensures the celebrity of the painter. A true emblem of the French monarchy, it definitively freezes the image of the ceremonial portrait: column and landscape in the background, shimmering drapery, solemn pose, intense colors. The French and European sovereigns, like all the great names of the time (ministers, military, artists, financiers ...), will pass his easel. The Austrian diplomat Philipp Ludwig Wenzel, Count of Sinzendorf (1671-1742), native of Graz, was notably ambassador to France at Versailles between 1699 and 1701. He then held the same position in the Netherlands in 1709, before heading the company. Austrian Indies (created in 1719) in 1721. A lover of good food, willing to be a patron, but hard and haughty in the conduct of business, he played a leading role at the head of the Austrian imperial government for more than thirty years, and took part in all the European treaties of the time. Rigaud made another effigy of Wenzel Sinzerdorf in 1729 (now preserved in the Kunst historisches Museum in Vienna, 1.66 x 1.32 m), when the diplomat was in Soissons in 1728 to negotiate the terms of the peace of the Anglo-Spanish war. As our tightly framed portrait shows a man still young and focuses on the expressiveness of the look, as the portrait of 1729 is more of the pageantry and illustrates the success of the model. Our portrait, executed in 1700 or 1701, was delivered in the first months of 1701, since on the 22nd of August, Sinzendorf bade adieu to Louis XIV. To return to Austria. Acquired from Rigaud for the sum of 300 livres (which also included the portrait of Regina - born Valdstejna, the wife of Sinzendorf, localization today unknown), it was taken over in engraving in 1713, by Bernard Picart, then established in Holland just as Sinzendorf; Picart, to prepare his print, realized a sanguine (33 x 27 cm) in the same direction as our painting, very faithful to the painting, but the engraving presented differences in the arrangement of the garment. Note that two copies, works of collaborators of Rigaud, were also delivered in 1701, that of the count executed by Claude Bailleul, and that of the countess by Charles Viennot (who had already taken charge of the garment in the original version of Rigaud). Performed between the great representations of Bossuet (in 1700) and the Sun King (in 1701), a few months after his reception at the Royal Academy, and therefore at the peak of his official career, our painting, in a more intimate, however, is fully representative of the art of Rigaud virtuoso treatment of fabrics (here a velvet particularly thick, unctuous and shimmering velvet), nobility of expression of the face that gives his models an air inevitably almost "Louis XIV" , and those famous "moods", small white dots that liven up the look.