"Transmission At King Of Prussia Frederick, 18th Century"Rare box representing KING FREDERIC II OF PRUSSIA martin box in dark green lacquer imitating basketry. Mount pomponne imitating gold. Cover decorated with a miniature pearl representing the sovereign, Underneath the portrait "FREDERIC II KING OF PRUSSIA," the king of the profile is surrounded by a stone on the Rhine imitating diamonds. Inside the box fully lined tortoiseshell. CENTURY XVIII. Dimensions: Diameter 7.8 cm. Height 3.5 cm. Frederick II of Prussia, also known as Frederick the Great, was born January 24, 1712 in Berlin and died August 17, 1786 at Sanssouci Palace, he had built in Potsdam. He is the son of Prussian King Frederick William I (1688-1740) and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover (1687-1757), herself the daughter of King George I of Great Britain. Frederick William I, though hostile to France, says Education of Frederick, he wanted very strict, a French governess. As a teenager, Frédéric acquired a taste for French culture and literature: it will also extensive correspondence with the French philosopher Voltaire. At the age of 16, wishing to flee to England, Frederick was imprisoned by her father, which give him the royal pardon in 1731. In 1733, Frederick Elisabeth-wife Christine of Brunswick-Bevern (1715-1797), daughter Duke Ferdinand Albert II and niece of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI. This couple had no children. Following the death of his father May 31, 1740, Frederick became King of Prussia, and acts enlightened despot. In continuation of his father, it further enhances the military capabilities of his kingdom. His army is very numerous, disciplined and modern. From 1740 to 1748, held the War of Austrian Succession, whose origin is in the Pragmatic Sanction, edict written by the Emperor Charles VI, which states that the hereditary Habsburg States must return at the time of his death, his eldest daughter, Maria Theresa of Austria. Charles VI died October 20, 1740. Frederick sees an opportunity to expand its territory by annexing Silesia. By the Treaty of Breslau (1742), confirmed by the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), Austria cedes almost all of Silesia to the kingdom of Prussia. During this war, France was alongside Prussia, but was not given the expansion of territory, hence the term "working for the King of Prussia." During the years that followed, Austria dream of revenge. For this, she concluded an alliance with France and Russia. Seeing the danger of this coalition, Frederick II began the invasion of Saxony August 29, 1756: the beginning of the Seven Years War. Frederick is in big trouble when the Tsarina Elisabeth dies (January 5, 1762). His successor, Peter III (murdered in July 1762), prussophile to the extreme, concluded peace on his arrival. All territories that the Russian army had surrendered without compensation to Prussia. The Treaty of Hubertusburg, signed February 15, 1763 between Prussia and Austria, confirming the possession of Silesia by Prussia, Saxony makes in Austria. In 1772 held the first partition of Poland between Russia, Prussia and Austria. Thus, Prussia expanded its territory by annexing the northern part of Poland (including the Royal Prussia), while avoiding a conflict between the Tsarina Catherine II (wife of Peter III she did murder) and Maria Theresa of Austria. In July 1778 outbreak of the War of Succession of Bavaria, also known as the nom de guerre of potatoes. The Treaty of Teschen (1779) ends this war without major conflict. Frederick is also known as the "philosopher-king" who met twice Voltaire. This agnostic also loved art (he built the Sanssouci Palace in Potsdam) and music. He died at the age of 74. Frederick William II (1744-1797), his nephew, inherits the kingdom of Prussia.